Marilyn Hacker

b. 1942


Good writing gives energy, whatever it is about. But the fact that writers are dealing with essential issues...I think that's a necessary integration of literary writing with what's actually going on in our world. - Marilyn Hacker

Nights of 1964-1966: The Old Reliable

Marilyn Hacker

Morning News

Marilyn Hacker

Elegy for a Soldier

Marilyn Hacker

Crepuscule for Muriel

Marilyn Hacker

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About Marilyn Hacker

Marilyn Hacker (b. 1942) is a poet whose work combines the political and the personal, the traditional and the radical, to startling effect. She is a New Yorker, born in the Bronx to Jewish parents who were the first in their respective families to go to university. Hacker was a precocious student, beginning her studies at New York University when she was only fifteen. Her core subjects were science but she also developed interests in philosophy and French literature and read voraciously. In 1961, a year before she was due to graduate, she married the science fiction writer Samuel R. Delany. Their marriage was sexually open with both of them having affairs with other partners, including those of the same sex. Since the late seventies, Hacker has lived openly as a lesbian. The couple have one daughter, Iva, born in 1974, and although they divorced in 1980, have remained on friendly terms. During their time together in the 60s and 70s Hacker and Delany lived a bohemian life centred on New York's East Village. The radical politics of the period and the flamboyant characters of the city's street scene were to be important subjects in Hacker's poetry. Early in her career Hacker largely made her living as a commercial editor with a stint in the early 70s as an antiquarian book dealer in London. It was here that her poems started to gain a readership through publication in British magazines such as Ambit and The London Magazine. A significant breakthrough came when the distinguished New American Review published three of her poems and the editor, Richard Howard, began to promote her work to US publishers. Her first book, Presentation Piece, was published in 1974. Its combination of traditional forms, including sonnets, villanelles, sestinas, blank verse and heroic couplets, with a tone and subject matter that were personal, even racy, made an immediate impact, winning both the Lamont Poetry Prize and the National Book Award.

With this book Hacker established a signature style, a radical formalism which The Washington Post Book World has accurately described as a "colloquial sublime". Her use of form has been interpreted by some critics as subversive, a "taking on" of traditional male territory, but Hacker has denied this, saying her love of form is "purely hedonistic". What is incontrovertible is her technical brilliance in allying form to a brash, contemporary language so that her poems seem both spontaneous and perfectly controlled. The stuff of life - people, places, food, politics - has remained her material, her poems busy with incident and restless energy. The lives and experience of women are central concerns as in her 1986 narrative sonnet sequence Love, Death and the Changing of the Seasons, a passionate chronicle of a love story between an older poet and younger woman. Her tone has darkened over time: her sombre collection Winter Numbers: Poems (1995) records her own struggle with breast cancer and the deaths of close friends from AIDS. Her latest collection Desperanto: Poems 1999-2002 is informed, as the title suggests, by her despair over the consequences of recent US foreign policy.

As well as her ground-breaking poetry, Hacker has had an important influence through her role as an editor and teacher. She has taught at many leading universities and is currently director of the Creative Writing MA programme at City College of New York. Her editorship of The Kenyon Review from 1990-1994 took this venerable institution into new territory, publishing many more minority and marginalised voices alongside established literary names. Her own work has continued to win plaudits including the Lambda Literary Award, the Lenore Marshall Prize and fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Ingram Merrill Foundation.

The poems you can listen to here encapsulate the essential sociability of Hacker's poetry, three of them being written to or for close friends. Hacker's radical politics has always found expression through personal experience as she herself has acknowledged: "It's not a question of an issue, but a question of the people I know who are close to me, who are health-care workers, or living with illnesses, or the neighbours, housed and homeless..." This is particularly true of her portrait of good times in East Village, 'Nights of 1964-1966: The Old Reliable' which celebrates the colourful characters and sexual and intellectual energy of her youth. It's typical of Hacker that the free-wheeling tone and use of enjambment almost disguises the strict abba rhyme scheme. This poem is revealed as elegy only in the last quatrain, a note of mortality which is central to the other poems here; in her exploration of the struggle of her friend, the poet Muriel Rukeyeser, in recovering from a stroke; her moving elegy for the writer and activist, June Jordan; and her sestina 'Morning News' which records her sense of the violation of domestic space at the outbreak of the Iraq War. Throughout, Hacker's pacy delivery and the spiky rhythms of her native accent chime with the sense of urgency in these poems, the desire to capture life's texture even when dealing with loss.

Her recording was made on 28 February 2007 in Atlanta, Georgia.

Additional material and useful links

Selected bibliography

Essays on Deparure: New and Selected Poems 1980-2005,...

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Squares and Courtyards, W W Norton, 2001

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Desperanto: Poems, 1999-2002, W W Norton, 2003

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First Cities: Collected Early Poems, 1960-1979, W W...

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Winter Numbers, W W Norton, 1994

Selected Poems, 1965-1990, W W Norton, 1994

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The Hang-Glider's Daughter: New and Selected Poems,...

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Going Back to the River, Random House, 1990

Love, Death, and the Changing of the Seasons, Arbor...

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Prizes

1974 Lamont Poetry Prize (or James Laughlin Award), Presentation Piece

Prize website

1974 National Book Award, Presentation Piece

Prize website

1994 Lambda Literary Award, Winter Numbers

Prize website

1994 Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize, Winter Numbers

Prize website

1996 Poets' Prize, Selected Poems 1965-1990

2004 American Academy of Arts and Letters, Award for Literature

Prize website

1994 Bernard F Conners Prize, 'Cancer Winter'

Prize website

John Masefield Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America

Prize website

1980 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship

Prize website

Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship

Prize website

Books by Marilyn Hacker